Stress: The Greatest Health Hazard

Stress, as this word sounds familiar in most people’s lives because everyone in their life due to one or another reason faces the problem of stress. It’s like our lives have become so dull and full of pressure that stress rules our life so easily.

In common terms, we define stress as the coercion of stressors in which we lose our capacity to cope up with it. But scientifically stress is interpreted as “the way of the body on reacting to different circumstances such as physiological and physical barriers.”

Categories of Stress:

According to the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), stress is categorized into two types:

  • Acute Stress 

It is short term stress and a more prevalent form of stress. Its consequence is clear and has an immediate solution to this kind of stress.

This kind of stress generally arise due to work pressure, temporary issues or reaching somewhere on time etc. These things can be solved by meeting the deadlines or by discussion. It doesn’t cause any serious health problems.

  • Chronic Stress 

This form of stress can be harmful and of long duration. In this condition of stress, a person can suffer severe health issues like coronary heart diseases, type2 diabetes etc.

This form of stress occurs due to an unhappy marriage, financial crisis etc.

Reasons of Stress 

There is no specific reason of stress defined because it just depends on the ability of person-to-person to deal with challenges. While some people take the stress positively and motivate themselves for better next time, others, on the other hand, take it negatively and degrade their life. For example, promotion in a work is a motivation for some people to go higher but few people react antagonistically and they start doubting on themselves that whether they could deal with the responsibilities or not. Stress often leads to mood disorders which make the person feel irritating and intensified.

Symptoms 

Physical Effects of Stress:

  • Nervous shuddering
  • Sweating
  • Muscle cramps
  • Fainting
  • Headaches

Stress associated mood disorders and the respective behavior:

  • Drugs and alcohol intake
  • Social withdrawal
  • Frequent crying
  • Relationship problems
  • Abrupt anger outburst

Sentimental Outcome Include:

  • Anger
  • Fatigue
  • Short term memory loss
  • Unhappiness
  • Restlessness

Diagnosis 

Psychiatrist and counselors ask questions and talk to them to know about the reason of stress in their life so that they can help them in coping up with it.

It’s not that easy to diagnose stress but in severe conditions, it results in anxiety and depression. Doctors and counselors have used questionnaires, biochemical measures and physiological techniques to identify the stress.

Treatment 

It includes self-help and strong will power to cope up with ongoing stress in life.

The therapies which help in stress treatment are aromatherapy and reflexotherapy. In the drastic condition of depression, doctors may suggest antidepressants.

Psychiatrist and physiotherapist must be consulted for proper treatment.

Stress Management 

By following stress-induced measure in one’s life, it can be managed:

  • Exercise – There are a lot of yoga positions and meditations that provide great relief in dealing with the stress.
  • Reducing Intake of Drugs, Caffeine and Alcohol – This won’t prevent stressful situations but make them awful.
  • Nutrition – By taking proper and healthy balanced diet, immune system can be augmented.

Apart from this, mediation and breathing exercise can also help in decreasing the levels of hormone causing stress.